Новини от и за Непал

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Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Чет Авг 07, 2008 12:24 am

Maoist communes in Nepal
This article was adapted from The Red Star, a national magazine published by the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.

There are four full-fledged communes operating at present in Nepal. They were established by the people under the direct leadership of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist. Two of these communes are located in the Rolpa district that served as a forefront of the Maoists' struggle for over 10 years.

The biggest among the four communes is Ajambari, located in Thawang, Rolpa. It was built after villagers were forced to flee their communities due to intense militarization by the Royal Nepal Army (RNA) forces. After Red fighters of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) victoriously thwarted the RNA, the villagers established the communes to strengthen their community.

The second commune is located in Jaljala, Rolpa. The third commune called "Juni" was formed in 1998 in Jajarkot district in western Nepal. It was established with the goal of protecting the welfare of families victimized by militarization, massacres and other human rights abuses perpetrated by the toppled monarchy. The fourth commune is in Balidum, Rukum district. These areas are bastions of the PLA.

Every community member actively participates in the production work of the communes, even as they strive to address all the needs of its members. With the help of the Red guerrillas, schools, hospitals, banks and other social service institutions have already been built. Other communes, on the other hand, have seen the rise of hotels and restaurants.

Adult commune members work in the farms, with some assigned to care for children and the elderly. Centralized production is employed to ensure proper and sufficient distribution among commune members, especially in the face of the global food and oil crisis. Additionally, as testament to the communes' successful operations, they can now produce their own soap, confectionery, shoes, biscuits and pashmina shawls.

Members of the commune come from different sectors and social classes. People from various national minorities and castes live in freedom and democracy. Equal rights are enjoyed by both men and women, a remarkable leap from the backward practices of the feudal system. Old traditions and superstitions—remnants of the old system—are gradually being eliminated.

Apart from the four full-blown communes in Nepal today, there also exist over 50 cooperative communes in the country.

The commune system's superiority over the old feudal system in the field of production and distribution of the fruits of production has been proven in years of existence. Centralized production has resulted in increased production for the community. Each member enjoys access to the commune's resources, with the efficient distribution of the fruits of the members' collective labor. It is evident that the living standards of the people have been vastly improved under the commune system.
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Re: Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Чет Авг 07, 2008 9:58 pm

Govt under Maoist leadership almost impossible: Senior Maoist leader Mohan Baidya



Senior Maoist leader Mohan Baidya 'Kiran' has said that the possibility of his party forming the next consensus government was almost nil following the Nepali Congress's move to form the next government.

Referring to (caretaker) Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala's consultations for forming the new government (following his India trip), he said the NC is hell-bent to stop the Maoists from forming the government.

"That's why the NC is also blocking the process of making the Common Minimum Programme (CMP) of consensus government in the name of the Maoists not taking measures towards confidence building among the parties," he said speaking at the Reporters' Club on Thursday.

Baidya also made it clear that his party would not seek further extension of deadline from the president for forming government of national consensus under the Maoist leadership. "As the Nepali Congress has stepped up to form the next government by itself, it is unlikely that we would form the next government," Baidya added.

He further warned that the nation would face 'serious crisis' without the Maoist led government.

nepalnews.com ps Aug 07 08
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Re: Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Чет Авг 07, 2008 10:00 pm

More on the rumour about the former PM and the former Marxist-Leninist .................

Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala appears to be on an overdrive to again secure the post of head of government two days after coming from Sri Lanka visit to attend the SAARC summit with a brief stopover in New Delhi to meet top Indian leaders.

PM Koirala, who heads a caretaker government after he resigned from the post weeks earlier, met former general secretary of United Marxist Leninist (UML) Madhav Nepal Thursday and discussed the issue of government formation.

During the meeting held at the house of a UML leader in the morning, the leaders of the two major parties in the Constituent Assembly are learnt to have reached a conclusion that the new government of national unity should be formed on consensus with all the parties. However, they are also said to be quite sure that a new government wouldn't be formed within the timeframe set by President Ram Baran Yadav.

A Nepalnews reporter who was at the meeting venue confirmed through sources that the talks between the two leaders were indeed focused on the formation of a new government. However, he said that PM Koirala didn't prefer to comment on the hour-long discussion and also barred another NC leader and minister Ram Sharan Mahat, who accompanied him in the meeting, from talking to the media.

It is also widely believed that PM Koirala personally went to the meeting venue, something he does rarely, to meet the UML leader as he suspected that the recent hobnobbing between Maoist and UML leaders meant that the two are trying to forge an alliance in expense of NC. A source also confirmed that PM Koirala put this concern of his during the meeting.

But the UML leader brushed it off by saying that his party firmly believes that the new government should be formed "after consensus is reached between major parties".

UML has been saying that such a consensus government should be headed by CPN (Maoist).
PM Koirala, who has intensified meetings with leaders of other parities after returning from India, met the UML leader amidst speculation that he is eager for a second inning.

On Thursday, Koirala started what has been described as "internal consultation" with leaders of fringe parties and is expected to give it a continuity today too, focusing on the possibility of forming a government sans Maoists. He is also scheduled to meet Rastriya Janashakti Party chief Surya Bahadur Thapa later today.

Meanwhile, UML general secretary Jhala Nath Khanal held meeting with British ambassador Andrew Hall at his residence today wherein they discussed the current political situation and the formation of the new government. Khana had yesterday blamed CPN (Maoist) for the undue delay in government formation. nepalnews.com ag Aug 07 08
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Re: Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Пет Авг 22, 2008 1:12 am

August 6, 2008
Nepal: From Democratic Republic To New Democracy

On the 28th of May this year, Nepal became a republic after 240 years of monarchy. This momentus occasion was the result of ten years of People’s War fought by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN (M)) and the people’s movement it led in April 2006. The events of the last 12 years have been a continuous revolutionary process. The declaration of the republic is only the latest stage in this process, albeit a very important one. The next stage of the revolution will come when the people, under the leadership of the CPN(M) take power and build a new type of state and a new type of democracy. Some misunderstandings about the tactics adopted by the CPN (M) have been caused by the continuous nature of the process and the need to avoid uniting the revolution’s enemies against the CPN (M). Hopefully, this article can help provide a real perspective on the road travelled by the CPN (M) over the past twelve years and provide a better understanding about its future course. It is impossible to understand the means by which the CPN (M) hopes to achieve its goals without understanding the specific nature of the Nepalese revolution’s progress,the specific situation of Nepal and the relation of the revolution to the global situation. The character of the revolution is different in nature from other revolutions such as the revolution that took place in Russia in 1917 or China in 1949. Especially from 2005, the CPN (M) has stressed the need to act in alliance with the bourgeois parties such as Nepal Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist- Maoist), which are reactionary parties. It is the strategy of the CPN (M) to discover the principal contradiction in any situation and focus efforts on overcoming this contradiction. Thus, up to now the CPN (M) has focused principally on overthrowing the King as the pillar of feudalism and has done so in alliance with the bourgeois parties. The alternative would have been to fight the bourgeois parties at the same time as the King, which would have forced them into alliance with each other against the people’s revolution. This tactic was worked out by the CPN(M) on the basis of the Nepal’s objective situation and the world political situation. Nepal is a small semi-feudal land-locked country. It is one of the poorest countries in the world and It’s economy is currently, very reliant on trade with the outside world. For example, it heavily depends on imported oil, as it has not been able to develop energy sources of its own to a sufficient degree. A revolutionary state is responsible to provide basic needs of the people along the tortuous path of transforming productive and social relations. US imperialism will not tolerate a communist led state in Nepal. It will strive to strangle Nepal’s weak economy and starve the people. It will attack the country militarily most probably using the Indian expansionist’ s army. Thus, CPN(M) has to find ways to develop the revolution now and prepare to sustain it in the event of enemy’s open attack. Internationally, there is no socialist country in the world to provide assistance to Nepal. Contrary to certain interpretations of history, it must be pointed out that the People’s Republic of China received a great deal of help from the USSR in the years leading up to the revolution and economic and development assistance up to 1960. Nepal will not have such advantages. There is not one state in the world today supporting revolution in Nepal and therefore, CPN (M) cannot rely on any state for military assistance or economic development. In addition Nepal is a very under-developed country. It’s economy can be described as semi-feudal rather than capitalist. Therefore it must undergo a two-stage revolutionary process. The first stage is a democratic revolution which will create New Democracy. This is a joint dictatorship of all anti-feudal and anti-imperialist classes, including the national bourgeoisie. In this stage the intention is to build up national and independent economy by developing capitalism and sweeping away feudalism. Nepal has not been able to develop capitalism due to the nature of imperialism. British imperialism kept the whole region under-developed. Post-war US imperialism has now relegated South Asia to the status of a exporter of goods produced with cheap labour. Lacking India’s economies of scale, Nepal has not been able to compete with cheap Indian goods. It’s economy has become dependent on the Indian expansionists who use economic pressure to insist Nepal takes their exports and does not protect and nurture its own industries. Semi-feudalism means that farmers have been oppressed by landlordism and money-lenders. Caste oppression and gender oppression run throughout Nepal’s society. Only when Nepal has broken free of the political and economic chains put on it by US led imperialism, Indian expansionism and outmoded social relations can it develop its industry and agriculture and move forward to the socialist stage of the revolution. One can see clear empirical proof in Nepal of the wisdom of the two stage New Democratic revolution. The CPN (M)’s struggle for New Democracy originated with disappointments following the 1990 Democracy Movement. This movement swept away the so-called partyless ‘Panchayat’ system. However, the King retained the right to call and dismiss parliament at will. In addition frequent changes of government, patronage and corruption undermined people’s faith in the system. Continuing political and economic stagnation and oppression led to the initiation of the People’s War led by the CPN(M) in 1996. The revolution has rapidly progressed from the establishment of People’s Power in the countryside in the years following the start of the People’s War to the stage of strategic offensive and encirclement of the towns in 2004, to the People’s Movement against the monarchy in 2006, to the electoral victory of the Maoists in 2008 and the declaration of the republic. Some ask why the CPN (M) did not seize Kathmandu in 2006. The problem at this point was that the CPN (M) had support in the countryside but had not been able to organise sufficient forces in the towns to defeat the enemy. Simply fighting their way into urban areas and suppressing their enemies could have led to military defeat or the crushing of the revolution by foreign intervention. The CPN(M) realised that its mass support in urban areas was not enough to carry out an insurrection. It could become too weak to sustain the revolution in the whole country, which could have provoked the bourgeois parties and the King to appeal for foreign intervention. The question of making revolution not only involves seizing the political power but also sustaining power. Instead the CPN (M) utilised the growing unpopularity of the King to form a United Front with the bourgeois parties-the 12 Point Agreement of 2005. This followed a coup in which King Gyanendra dismissed the government and parliament and declared a state of emergency. The ceasefire of 2006 and the successful People’s Movement allowed the Maoists to enter the towns and win support through political and trade union organising. The Maoist victory in the elections of 2008 outflanks the imperialists, making it harder, though certainly not impossible, for them to openly seek the overthrow of the Maoist led government. The different nature of the two armies in Nepal is clear for the people. The People’s Liberation Army has served the people and carried out revolution whereas the National Army has murdered people and tried to crush the revolution. The new task of the Maoists is to democratise the army. This will take a certain form of the integration of the Maoist People’s Liberation Army with the National Army, which could serve the people. The new army will be substantially reduced in size (by over half) and will participate in public works schemes alongside the people. A substantial part of the responsibility, at least, for national defence will then pass to a new people’s militia in line with the CPN (M)’s strategy of arming the people. The army is the backbone of the state. In Nepal the subject of the army is very controversial, as certainly those with real power over the army will be the ones that hold state power. However, the CPN (M) is striving to restructure Nepal’s armed forces in the manner planned then it is the people who would be the masters of the army rather than the state and its army being the masters of the people. In conclusion we can say that this is a stage of transition. The CPN (M) has declared that at the creation of the Republic, the bourgeois parties will strive to create a bourgeois republic wheras the people under the leadership of the CPN(M) will strive to create New Democracy. When and how revolution will move forward to the next stage mainly depends on the people of Nepal and their revolutionary leaders. Today, we need to deepen our understanding of the achievements of this massive revolution and the party’s strategy and tactics. Understanding the advances and problems of revolution in Nepal will enable us to build a world-wide support for the people’s struggle there and help us to build our struggle against our common enemy, imperialism. This article was written by a member of World People’s Resistance Movement (Britain)

http://krantikarinepal.blogsome.com/2008/08/06/nepal-from-democratic-republic-to-new-democracy/#more-501
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Re: Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Пет Авг 22, 2008 1:23 am

Nepal: Prachanda Becomes Prime Minister
Posted by Mike E on August 16, 2008

Ex-rebel Maoist chief elected as Nepal’s new PM
KATHMANDU (AFP) — Lawmakers in Nepal on Friday overwhelmingly elected Maoist leader and former warlord Prachanda as the Himalayan country’s first republican prime minister, officials said.

The vote clears the way for the ultra-leftists, still listed by the United States as a terrorist organisation, to plough ahead with their vow to radically reform one of the world’s poorest nations.

The vote in Nepal’s constitutional assembly also ends months of political deadlock that followed the sacking of unpopular king Gyanendra and the abolition of the 240-year-old monarchy.

Prachanda, 53, led a decade-long mountain and jungle insurgency to overthrow the monarchy — a war which cost at least 13,000 lives and shattered the landlocked country’s mainly-agricultural, subsistence-based economy.

He was backed by 464 deputies, with 113 against, constitutional assembly chairman Subash Nemwang announced. His only rival was Sher Bahadur Deuba, a three-time former premier and member of the centrist Nepali Congress party.

Assembly members cheered, clapped and banged their desks after the results were announced.

“I am very happy and very emotional,” a visibly overwhelmed Prachanda told reporters as he left the assembly hall in Kathmandu.

The charismatic, moustachioed leader — whose nom-de-guerre means “the fierce one” — had dozens of orange garlands and silk scarves placed around his neck, and his forehead covered in red powder from traditional blessings.

His appointment as the most powerful man in Nepal comes less than two years after he signed a peace deal with mainstream parties and vowed to renounce violence.

In April he steered his party to victory in elections for the new assembly, set up as part of the peace deal to abolish the monarchy and write a new constitution.

Maoist number-two Baburam Bhattarai hailed a “golden dawn” for Nepal, and compared Prachanda to Napoleon and Lenin.

“We have already finished destroying the roots of feudalism in Nepal. Under the leadership of Prachanda, the main agenda of the new administration will be nationalism, republicanism, economic and social transformation,” he said.

Born into a high-caste but poor farming family, Prachanda — whose real name is Pushpa Kamal Dahal — was driven to politics by the extreme poverty he witnessed in rural Nepal.

But the school-teacher-turned-revolutionary, who was inspired by Chairman Mao and Peru’s Shining Path, has had trouble shaking off his ruthless image.

Critics say the ultra-leftists have yet to fully abandon violence and that their feared youth wing — the Young Communist League — must disband to prove they are committed to peaceful democracy.

The defeated candidate congratulated the Maoists but warned the ex-rebels that they would not be allowed to install a dictatorship.

“I would like to congratulate the Maoists for entering multi-party competitive politics,” Deuba said.

“We will stay in opposition and keep an eye on the Maoists’ activities while they run the government. We will oppose their actions if their activities incline towards autocracy.”

The United States embassy here said Washington would work with the new government even though it has blacklisted the Maoists.

The European Union and Japan — also major donors to aid-dependent Nepal — also welcomed the election.

Prachanda faces huge challenges including urgently dealing with soaring food and fuel prices, and integrating the 20,000-strong rebel army that is currently confined to United Nations-monitored camps into the national army.

“The integration of People’s Liberation Army into the Nepal Army will see lots of arguments and counter-arguments. The way they deal with the army is very crucial,” said Amit Dhakal, editor of the Kathmandu Post newspaper.

“The Maoists will try to bring in populist and radical economic reforms. But financially they will have lots of constraints.”

http://southasiarev.wordpress.com/2008/08/16/nepal-prachanda-becomes-prime-minister/#more-780
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Re: Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Вто Сеп 23, 2008 10:43 am

NEPAL'S FIRST
PRO-PEOPLE BUDGET .


Nepal Finance Minister Baburam Bhattarai


Following the pre-election pledge of "revolutionary land reform," Bhattarai also announced the formation of a commission "for the abolition of feudal land ownership."

KATHMANDU (AFP) — Nepal's Maoist-led government has delivered an ambitious budget aimed at lifting millions of rural poor out of poverty, but critics say the former rebels face an uphill task to implement it.

The budget announced Friday plans to cancel loans for small farmers, funnel between 20,000 to 40,000 dollars into each of Nepal's 4,000 villages and hike social security spending by 440 percent.
"With this budget I have tried to make people feel change is here," Finance Minister Baburam Bhattarai said as he announced the 3.5-billion-dollar budget -- a 900-million-dollar increase on last year.

"This is just a first step and we've thousands of miles to go," said the minister, who, until a landmark 2006 peace deal between rebels and political parties, was an alleged terrorist with a price on his head.

Impoverished, aid-dependent Nepal is beginning to recover from a devastating decade-long civil war waged by the Maoists that decimated an already weak economy and killed thousands.

"The budget is aimed at the grassroots level of people who have been isolated from the economic mainstream in the past," said Prem Khanal, economic columnist for the Kathmandu Post.
"It has some challenging aims, but it has not spelled out a clear mechanism to achieve them," he said.

Nepal will ask international donors for 877 million dollars, while Bhattarai vowed to shake up the taxation system to fund its ambitious plans.

The government plans to amass 1.9 billion dollars through revenue collection, a 31 percent increase on last year, to fund the plans.

But Tilak Rawal, a former governor of Nepal's National Bank, called such a revenue-raising programme unrealistic.

"They have set near to impossible targets for revenue collection and double digit growth over the next three years," Rawal said.

"Last year, revenue collection increased by just 13 percent so it will be a huge challenge for them to collect such an increased amount with only the same resources available," he said.

Following their pre-election pledge of "revolutionary land reform," Maoist second-in-command Bhattarai also announced the formation of a commission "for the abolition of feudal land ownership."

Close to 79 million dollars has been earmarked for agricultural reforms, a 70 percent increase over last year in the sector that employs just over two-thirds of Nepal's 28 million people.

In addition, 17 million dollars will be spent repairing the infrastructure damaged or destroyed during the civil war that killed at least 13,000 people and ended with the landmark 2006 peace deal.

The last two years have seen a remarkable rise to power for the Maoists, who in 1996 launched their "people's war" aimed at toppling the monarchy and establishing a communist republic.

After signing up for peace, they won a surprise victory in elections for a body that officially abolished the world's last Hindu monarchy in May, and they now head the country's coalition government.

Although the Maoist minister announced plans in the budget to encourage investment to revitalise Nepal's struggling private sector, the focus was firmly on rural development.

A leading businessman said such a focus was unlikely to provide the jump start that the economy badly needs.

"The role of the private sector has been minimised," said Binod Chaudhary, chairman of Nepal's food-to-steel Chaudhary conglomerate.

"Instead of grooming the private sector this budget has discouraged it," said Chaudhary, who also heads the Confederation of Nepalese Industries.
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Речта на Прачанда пред ООН

Писане  remsist on Нед Окт 05, 2008 10:57 pm

Prachanda addresses United Nations as Prime Minister of worlds newest Republic


Mr. President,
Mr. General Secretary,
Excellencies,
Distinguished Delegates

1.At the outset, allow me to congratulate you on your election as the President of this Assembly and to assure you of my delegation’s full cooperation in discharging your responsibilities. I also thank the UN Secretary General for his comprehensive report on the work of the UN and his positive reference to the situation obtaining in Nepal.

Mr. President,

2. It is indeed a historic opportunity for me to address this august Assembly as the first Prime Minister of Nepal of the newest republic of the world. As I stand here in front of the global leadership, I think of the long struggle that I and my party waged with single mindedness for the liberation of the common man from the clutches of the age-old suppression, deprivation, marginalization and outright negligence of the then existing polity. My fellow countrymen and women, toiling in the mountains and valleys, working day and night in the low lands and the urban areas and yet unable to ensure even the simple necessities of life for his or her family had a hope and expectation that one day they would lead a decent life with equal rights and opportunities and be recognized as respectful citizens of the country. We are at this significant turning point in the political history of Nepal.

And I and my party are proud to be leading force of that positive historical change. Today I see a great hope in the glinting eyes of the dalit boy from the far west, downtrodden women from the indigenous nationality in the east, homeless Tharu girl and landless Madhesi and other peasants from the hills living under the thatched roofs. I intend to lead them with conviction and sincerity towards a new journey of sustainable peace and equitable progress in a modern Nepal. I have therefore the honour and great privilege of bringing with me the greetings and best wishes of the people and government of that new Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to this august Assembly.

3. Following the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006 after a decade long armed struggle, we began our peace process and eventually held elections to the Constituent Assembly in April this year. People have overwhelmingly voted for my party and made us the single largest political party in the Assembly with great hope and expectations. At its first meeting, the Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic formally ending the 240-year old monarchy and creating a new opportunity to transform the old feudalistic state into an inclusive and federated ‘new Nepal’. This was in keeping with the long-standing aspirations of the Nepalese people. They voted in favour of change and transformation that my own party had fought for so many years. After the historic political transformations, our agenda now is to bring equally historic socio-economic transformation of the country.

Today I must inform you with all humility that our Constituent Assembly is the most inclusive representative body in which all marginalized, oppressed ethnic communities, indigenous nationalities, dalits, disadvantaged and the people from backward regions and communities are its members which will herald a new beginning in the country. This may very well be an example of representativeness to the world in the first decade of the twenty first century.

4. The Government is committed to restore law and order, provide relief to the people affected by the conflict, fight against the cancerous growth of corruption and start an economic recovery package focusing on pro-poor growth, infrastructure development and public private partnership. The government will build an effective partnership with the international community in creating an atmosphere for unleashing a new socio-economic transformation that the Nepalese people are waiting for so long.

5. Nepal’s peace process is unique in its characteristics and is based on multiparty democracy, inclusiveness, accommodation, dialogue, and the recognition of the people as the ultimate arbiter. It is the outcome of our own creative disposition toward peace and we feel that it can also serve as a reference model for peace elsewhere.

6. We appreciate the United Nation’s continued support to the peace process, especially in monitoring the management of arms and personnel through the United Nations mission in Nepal (UNMIN). The UN Mission has undertaken its mandated tasks well. I also take this opportunity to thank our neighbors, friends, donors for their continued support in favor of the peace process and the institutionalization of democracy in Nepal. I am confident that they would do so for unleashing its development potentials also as per the wish of the Nepalese people.

Mr. President,
7. As we proceed along the peace process within the country, new problems in the form of global food crisis, rising oil prices and imminent dangers from climate change stare us in the face. These challenges also undermine our achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). There will be no success in achieving MDGs without ensuring them in the LDCs. Solemn pledges were made in the 2000 Millennium Declaration and in the 2002 World Conference on Financing for Development held in Monterrey. Many of these commitments are yet to be fulfilled and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals remains elusive to most the world’s poor people.

8. The United Nations agenda today has to tackle these development challenges and many other issues such as religious extremism and terrorism, proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, transnational crimes such as drugs, human trafficking and money-laundering, continuing conflicts within and among states, and gross violations of human rights, genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. It is more than obvious that many of these global problems require global solutions. Together we can rise to the occasion and adopt a vision and strategy that the founders of the United Nations Organization charted in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the Organization. Multilateralism, not unilateralism is the answer to these problems.


9. The least developed countries like Nepal are faced with the special predicament in their development efforts. We are trapped in a vicious circle of poverty. For many historical reasons, we have low economic growth, low productivity, underdeveloped industries and traditional agriculture. Because of the low level of social indicators and less opportunities, conflict and crisis continue to be prevalent in these countries. Today, the growing gap between the rich and the poor within the country as well as between the nations is a sure sign of a looming disaster. It is also inhuman and unjust that such as high level of inequality is still so common in this age of human achievements, abundance and progress.

Equally important is the fact that islands of prosperity in the sea of poverty is not sustainable and certainly not in the enlightened self-interest of even the developed countries themselves, as it breeds resentment, fuels conflict and undermines their own progress in the long run. It also goes against the fundamental spirit of the United Nations. Because of the peculiar nature of the lDCs and their high level of vulnerabilities, I strongly urge that the issues of the LDCs should be looked at by the United Nations separately and with special focus programs. They should be ensured dedicated support and cooperation if we want to make our world just and inclusive that the United Nations so proudly espouses.

10. We are not only least developed but also land-locked. That is a double disadvantage in our efforts to fulfill the development aspirations. In fact, we feel further marginalized due to the overwhelming impact of the downside of globalization and the high cost of doing trade. We want full implementation of the respective global compacts, the Brussels Program of Action for the Least Developed Countries and the Almaty Program of Action for the Landlocked Developing Countries. In particular, I would like to highlight the need in the part of our developed country partners to fulfill the commitment and pledges in allocating certain percentage of their GNP to these countries and in making available trade concessions , debt relief like to commit that Nepal will fulfill its pledge to own its development programs in accordance with its national priorities including on poverty reduction and pro-poor governance policies.

11. We need to protect our people from the rising vulnerabilities of climate change. For example, in my own country Nepal, the meting of glaciers and shifting weather patterns, are threatening the life support systems, undermining the sustainability of agriculture and inducing extreme climate-induced disasters such as frequent floods and landslides. The Himalayan range provides life supporting water downstream for more than a billion people. The Mt. Everest, as the roof of the world, and the Himalayan range need to be protected and utilized properly to contribute to the humanity as a whole. So I strongly appeal to the international community to extend all necessary support and cooperation to protect and promote its pristine environment. We need to create a regime of common but differentiated responsibilities, in which the developed counties will lift the burdens of adaptation in the vulnerable countries, such as the least developed countries and small islands. The world will stand to benefit in addressing the climate change if we are able to harness the tremendous potentials of Nepal’s hydro-power as it a renewable and clean source of energy. For this, Nepal is ready to invite and encourage investment in its hydro-power projects.

Mr. President,

12. I am pleased that UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific has been now operational from Kathmandu twenty years after it was established by this august Assembly. I thank all the members, courtiers from the region and the Secretary General and the officials of the Secretariat for the smooth relocation of the Centre from New York to Kathmandu. I would like to take this opportunity to reiterate Nepal’s commitment to make this Centre successful through the cooperation of all the countries concerned.

13. Over the years, peacekeeping has evolved as the soul of the United Nations. With this in mind, Nepal has been regularly sanding its peacekeepers at the call of the United Nations since 1958. We are celebratory the 50th anniversary of Nepal’s continuous participation in the UN peacekeeping operations, I take this opportunity to reiterate Nepal’s commitment that we will continue to provide our troops for the cause of peace worldwide. Today, Nepal is the fifth largest contributor of troops and police personnel to UN’s peacekeeping operations. We are glad that they have earned accolades for their professional competence and performance both at home and abroad. We consider this our modest contribution to international peace and security

14. Enjoyment of universal human rights is absolutely essential in creating the environment of peace, justice, democracy and development. As a democracy, Nepal is fully committed to protect and promote the human rights of its people under all circumstances with constitutional and legal guarantees and implementation of the international human rights instruments to which Nepal is a party. The government is committed to end the environment of impunity. The proposed Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which will seek to arrive at a necessary balance between peace and justice, so that there is justice, and that the centrality of the peace process is preserved. We will continue to strengthen the National Human Rights Commission so that it can take up its statutory responsibility for protection and promotion of human rights in the country even more effectively. It goes without saying that the environment for the protection and promotion of human rights in Nepal has significantly improved, especially after the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement in November 2006.

Mr. President,
15. As a least developed country that entered the World Trade Organization not too long ago, Nepal is concerned at the lack of tangible progress in negotiations on the Doha Development Agenda. We think that the opportunities in world trade through multilateral trading framework of the WTO should not be delayed any further. The lest developed countries deserve a duty free and quota free market access for all their tradable products from all major countries with sincerity, together with more favorable rules of origin and the support for enhancing their supply side capacity. Only then the Doha Round would be development round in the real sense of the word. Without meaningful integration of the LDSs into the global regime, I do not know how we can make the global trading regime sustainable, equitable and inclusive. Similarly, the least developed countries need more aid for trade and trade facilitation measures to enhance trading capacity.

16. Today, the United Nations needs to reform and democratize itself to take on the numerous challenges in international peace and security effectively. And it should also reflect the current realities of the world. We should also give necessary credibility, legitimacy, competence and effectiveness to the world body in solving the global problems. I take this opportunity to reiterate Nepal’s solemn faith and commitment to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter. On behalf of the people and government of Nepal, pledge to work with all of you to take on the global challenges thought the United Nations in a spirit of goodwill, cooperation and mutual solidarity. It is with the belief that we have adopted them as one of the tenets of Nepal’s foreign policy. Nepal is an example of how swords have been turned into ploughshares. That is what the United Nations believes in. Therefore, as I address this gathering here, I have a special feeling about the whole objectives and ideals that the United Nations stand for and the co-relationship between those ideals and the political, economic and social transformation that we would like to achieve in our country. May we all succeed in attaining our common objectives thought our collective and sincere efforts as the united and inseparable members of the single global family?

I thank you!

http://democracyandclasstruggle.blogspot.com/2008/09/prachanda-addresses-united-nations-as_27.html
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Re: Новини от и за Непал

Писане  remsist on Пон Окт 13, 2008 10:50 pm

Докуметален филм за Непал. Има интересни кадри от лагер на непалските партизани.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F2o_fOQNIts
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